Introduction: Bangladesh has been perhaps the most important heart on the globe for NGOs (Non-Government Organizations). Some estimates place the number of NGOs in Bangladesh in excess of 20,000. There are many types of NGOs in the country, but most focus on development or poverty alleviation. Bangladesh is the birthplace of the microcredit NGO, namely the Grameen Bank. Dr. Muhammad Yunus and his institution Grameen Bank have been jointly awarded the Nobel Peace prize this year.
Purposes of NGOs: NGOs exist for a variety of purposes, usually to further the political or social goals of their members. Examples include improving the state of the natural environment, encouraging the observance of human rights, improving the welfare of the disadvantaged or representing a corporate agenda. However, there are a huge number of such organizations and their goals cover a broad range of political and philosophical positions.
The Role of NGOs in Rural Development: NGOs plays an important role in the rural development of Bangladesh. It is doubtless to say that NGOs with their constructive efforts have been promoting development strategic by creating unique changes in the field of economic progress in Bangladesh since her independence.
Poverty Alleviation: Poverty alleviation is the supreme target of the NGO among various activities. There are different NGOs acting in our country patronized locally and internationally. NGO plays an important role in promoting the capabilities of the people having in the poverty.
Education Programmes: Though primary education is a compulsory programmer of the government. Students of the rural areas are not regular and careful about that. NGOs have taken a long planning to provide a primary education suitable for the children living in the villages. In the field of education NGO primary schools with above 2 million students account for approximately 10 percent of currently enrolled students.
Standard of Living: For the standards of the living of the people the NGOs have taken lots of programs. The officer of the NGOs go to the rural and remote areas of the country and by their physical visit and communication, they make the people understand the benefit of building sound health. The villagers don’t have a minimum idea of regarding the nutrition of food and first aid. So, NGOs provide them a little bit idea of medical science by which they can learn how to give first aid.
Development of Agriculture: NGOs play an important role in the development of agriculture in our country. In order to develop agriculture, they provide different kinds of tools, material, fertilizer, seed and loan on simple interest. Sometimes they give an interest-free loan. In this way, NGOs play an important role in the development of agriculture.
Health Care: NGO community-based health care has made health care more accessible, effected malnutrition and child survival. It also led to higher use of family planning.
Gender Equity: Bangladesh is the only country in South Asia to have achieved gender equity in primary enrollment, in large part due to the role played by NGOs.
Supply Information and Data: Effective plan and Programming of our national instruction require reliable data and information which collection than through their personal observation and friendship. Most of the NGOs in Bangladesh have practical experience of organizing people to achieve their predetermined objectives.
Raising Fund: NGO plays an important role in raising a fund of the country from different sources including Small donation from the potential individuals. They also know where to allocate the funds for the purpose.
Socio-economic Development: NGOs touch the fundamental elements of the socio-economic development of the country. If human resources are not properly used it will be gradually inactive and useless for the country bringing no utility. So NGOs with their pragmatic and practical programmers are always acting to bring fruitful aftermath of the said resources.
Uplifting Programme: NGOs are active in our grassroots level with their relief, poverty alleviation, social uplift, environmental and overall development programs. The rural poor has now direct access to the aid, credit, and support to the NGO. They are participating actively in the activities to improve their lot. In many cases, the NGOs are working as the awareness builders.
Communication Facilities: NGOs not only their own sake but also for the local and national interest they build many roads bridges and highways to provide communication facilities. Considering uplifting the standard of the lives of the people the NGOs have taken lots of developing programs. They go to the rural and remotest area of the country. They try to make the people understand the benefit of building sound health.
Conclusion: NGO plays a very important role in the developing country like Bangladesh especially regarding rural development. In all spheres of development, NGOs are reported to have created a landmark in the history of Bangladesh.